Below are steps to setup a local Drupal 8 composer based environment using Lando.
You need to have Lando installed using these instructions.
Create a local folder. <app> will be the name of your application folder and Lando instance.
Position your working directory as your new folder
Initialize Lando and answer a few questions. This utility creates a .lando.yml file in your working directory. When you start Lando in the next step, this file is used to define the Lando configuration.
lando init Choose: current working directory Choose: Drupal8 Enter for webroot: web Enter for app: <app>
Install Drupal code using composer. Note – Drupal is being install in a Docker container, not on your local computer.
Drupal 8.8 and Later: lando composer create-project drupal/recommended-project blah -n Prior to Drupal 8.8: lando composer create-project drupal-composer/drupal-project:8.x-dev blah -n
The above command uses composer to install Drupal and it’s dependencies into a folder called ‘blah’. Now, the files/folders in ‘blah’ will be move up one level into your directory and the ‘blah’ folder will be removed.
mv blah/* . mv blah/.* . rm -rf blah
Rebuild Lando containers.
lando rebuild -y
On a success rebuilt on Lando, it’s time to install Drupal 8. Goto the local URL for your Drupal 8 website.
Follow the steps in the Drupal installation Wizard. When the database page appears, use ‘drupal8’ for the database name, username and password. Also, use ‘database’ for the host name (under the Advanced settings.
You should be up and running,
12/10/2019 – As of Drupal 8.8.0, Composer project templates are now available as part of Drupal core. The composer create-project command was updated to reflect this change.